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Article: The table of the seven notes and their names

 
By Haresh Bakshi
 
 
Note Name Short form Pronounced as Western Name
Shadja S
Sa
Do
Rishabha R
Ri/Re
Re
Gandhara G
Ga
Mi
Madhyama m
Ma
Fa
Panchama P
Pa
So
Dhaivata D
Dha
La
Nishada N
Ni
Ti
Table 1: Indian Classical Music: The seven notes and their names

Short forms used: ICM for Indian classical music; KM for Karnatic music (of South India); HM for Hindustani music (of North India).

The following seven notes (sapta swara-s) comprise the heptave?? (saptaka) in ICM:

The full Sanskrit names of those notes, respectively, are shadja, rishabha, gandhara, madhyama, panchama, dhaivata, and nishada. When singing, they are pronounced, respectively, as Sa, Ri (in KM)/Re (in HM), Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, and Ni.

The corresponding Western names are Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, and Ti.

2003/11/24

 

 

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