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Article: Notes on Ragas and Tanpura Tuning

 
By Haresh Bakshi
 
 
The Ragas can be divided into four catagories:

[1] Those which omit madhyama.
Examples: Bhupali, Shankara, Desakar
Tanpura tuning: 1st string: 'P
2nd string: S
3rd string: S
4th string: 'S

[2] Those which include both pa and ma. Here we have two types:
(a) Those dominated by pa. The strings are tuned as in [1].
Examples: Bhairava, Yaman.
Tanpura tuning: 1st string: 'P
2nd string: S
3rd string: S
4th string: 'S
(b) Those dominated by ma. Here the first string is tuned in 'm , that is , shuddha ma in mandra saptaka. The remaining three strings remain the same.
Examples: Bageshri, Lalit pancham.
Tanpura tuning: 1st string: 'm
2nd string: S
3rd string: S
4th string: 'S

[3] Those which omit panchama. The strings are tuned as in [2b].
Examples: Malkaus, Lalit.
Tanpura tuning: 1st string: 'm
2nd string: S
3rd string: S
4th string: 'S

[4] Many evening ragas like Marva, Puriya, Poorvi; also, Sohani. Here the first string is tuned in 'N, that is , ni in mandra saptak. The remaining three strings remain the same.
Tanpura tuning: 1st string: 'N
2nd string: S
3rd string: S
4th string: 'S

 

 

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